Tenkara – Fishing for Survival

Tenkara Rainbow troutI recently discovered and been having a lot of fun with a somewhat different, and new to me, fishing method. I’ve posted some photos on facebook and twitter and they drew a lot of attention and produced a few interesting questions.

Tenkara is an old, traditional Japanese fishing method, which originated at least 200 years ago but is relatively unknown outside of Japan. It was introduced and popularized in San Francisco in 2009 by Tenkara USA.

deer creekSo what is Tenkara and why is it so cool? It’s a method that employes very lightweight, long whip-like rods and requires no reel. You could say it’s like a lighter, simpler version of flyfishing or pocket flyfishing. The flies are usually much smaller and less complex as well.

It’s perfect for small creeks, mountain streams and lakes but also urban ponds and rivers. It’s ideall for backpackers. And that is exactly how I first came across this method. So I went for this five-day ultralight cross-country backpacking trip with Sierra Club, and all of a sadden the group leader pulls out this tiny fishing rod and starts to catch fish in a lake at 9000 feet above sea level. And I was just blown away by how compact, portable and effective this little kit was.

  bluegillrainbow trout

When I came back I looked it up and a couple months later bought my first tenkara kit on amazon. They can be ridiculously expensive but I got the rod, the braded, tapered level line and a set of flies for just over 80 bucks.

  Coyote CreekCoyote Creek Henry Coe SP

The way it works is, you attache the level line to the lillian (forgive me if I’m using incorect terminology but I’m relatively new to this myself, and not knowing what certain parts are called hasn’t stopped me from catching fish so far). Then, you attache about two feet of your actuall line to the other, thinner end of your level line, and there goes your fly. All done.

The casting is probably the best part because you get to swing the rod like a whip. Sometimes it’ll even make that cracking sound but that usually means you’ve lost your fly. Just don’t get carried away cause it’s easy to forget how long that line is. You can also sling-cast it and that’s especially usefull technique when fishing around trees and in thick brush or when you need that extra accuracy.

Lake Rainbow TroutSo is the fly supposed to float or sink? To be honest I don’t know. I guess it depends on circumstances but I’ve caught fish from the surface as well as from underwater. In my experience subsurface fishing has been more effective so far. But if you want your fly to float that’s cool too. Just keep it dry by cracking the whip or drying it with some kind of absorbent cloth. You probably want to keep the level line dry as well since it’s usefull in indicating bites. I use vaseline to make it hydrophobic.

Since there is no reel and both lines together are usually slightly longer than the rod itself, landing fish can be a bit tricky. It’s not a big deal when the fish is small. You just lift it up, drag it to shore or simply grab the line. But with fish around or heavier than 2 lb you may wanna keep it steady and be a bit more gentle.

All these features I just talked about make this fishing method perfect for survival. Not only is the rod and flies extremely lightweight and portable (mine weighs only about 5 oz) but I’m sure you could get away with carrying just your flies and some line, and simply fashion a rod from a long, flexible sapling. After all, the original tenkara rods were made from bamboo.

I know that sport fishing is often about catching the biggest fish but from a survival perspective, it’s much better to catch five 6-8 ich trout in two hours and be set for two days than trying to catch one 20 lb monster, which may never happen especially in small creeks and lakes.

Survival & Trail Snack – Roast Burdock

burdockWhat can you eat in the woods and why? There are several reasons why. First, you may simply want to go light and not carry too much food with you. It’s perfectly feasible to feed yourself or at least supplement your diet with wild edibles. Especially in spring and summer.

Roast BurdockAnother reason is a survival situation. It’s said that you are very likely to be rescued within 72 hours and food should not be your primary concern because you definitely won’t starve to death in three days. That’s true. You won’t starve. But will you have the strength to carry on walking through ragged terrain, think straight or even retain the will to survive? Have you ever tried to go without food for three days in a row? I haven’t because I’d always get a headache by the end of day one. And that’s at home where everything is smooth and calm and where I don’t have to squeeze through brambles with a 30 pound backpack weighing me down for hours.

fireThere are dozens of edible plants and easily caught wild animals and I think it’d be stupid to just walk away from an easy meal in a life threatening situation.

When it comes to meat, unless it’s a true survival scenario, things are a bit complicated. It’s impossible for me to know every country’s laws regarding this matter but as far as I know, if you take care of the necessary permits, you can catch and eat some wild animals in pretty much any place in the world. In Poland, for example, it’d be roman snails (at least in the short season when it is legal), white-lipped snails (and at least two other similar species), certain fish and numerous insects with their eggs and larvae.

Plants are easier. Just pick the edible ones that aren’t protected and you’re good to go. In this case, we’re gonna try burdock. Or more specifically, its roast roots/tubers.